Color is an emotion that brings excitement and enthusiasm to our lives. When we look around us, there is color everywhere visible to the eyes. A world without color would probably be incredibly boring. However, in order to understand color, it is necessary to have knowledge about light. It is not possible to talk about color if there is no light. If there is no light, there is no color. Color is a light effect that can be perceived by the eye. The perception that occurs in our eyes as a result of the rays are reflected after the light hits the objects is called color.
The color wheel helps us analyze colors. There are 3 basic colors on the color wheel. Red, yellow and blue. If we look at color theory and its historical development, we find different definitions of many scientists such as Leonardo, Newton, Goethe. Newton's color theory is considered the basis of color identification systems today. Newton discovered that white light is a beam containing all colors, that this beam is refracted when passed through a glass prism and is divided into seven colors of the rainbow. When this light encounters an object, some of it is reflected on the object. It is this reflection that we perceive as the color of the object. Colors are divided into 3 groups as primary, intermediate and contrast colors.
These are red, yellow and blue on the color wheel, which cannot be obtained by mixing. They are generally used with another primary color or alone, or with the light shades of other primary colors in decoration.
These are the colors obtained by mixing the primary colors. Purple is obtained by mixing red and blue, green is obtained by mixing yellow and blue, and orange is obtained by mixing red and yellow. Using them together with the shades of others, can spice up the decoration.
The colors that correspond to each other are called contrast - complementary colors. Contrastcolors produce the highest contrast effect when they are side by side. Contrast color groups of red-green, yellow-purple, blue-orange have a fascinating complementary effect.
It is the color group consisting of blue, green and purple. Cool colors also have a melancholic, relaxing effect. For a heartwarming and peaceful environment, you can choose cool colors for decoration. You can use these colors together with their complementary colors in your bedrooms and work areas for their relaxing properties.
A group of colors on the color wheel are associated with the sun, heat, and fire as they create a warm effect on people. That s why these colors are called warm colors. Yellow, red, orange and shades of these colors are warm colors. When used in decoration, they make the environment look more intimate and the items close to each other.
Identified with new beginnings, white evokes a feeling of relief.It is optimistic, conciliatory and open.It is the color of new hope.White does not like solitude, it goes well with any color, so it encourages friendliness.White is the color of nobility and tolerance.It is also known that this color, which most of us identify with innocence, evokes a sense of compassion.White inspires us with confidence and peace with its simple and non-ostentatious character.
Although it has such a positive effect, heavy use of white causes eye fatigue and reduces perception. It may be better to use white as a complement in interiors.
Gray consists of a mixture of black and white and has some characteristics of both colors. For example, gray also reflects pessimism, melancholy and monotony, which are among the negative effects of black. Those who like the calm and poised effect of white can find the same feeling in gray. It is known as the favorite color of people who are reserved, circumspect and indecisive. The most mysterious of colors, gray, resembles a person who looks calm on the outside but has chaos inside. Those who want to get away from the hustle and bustle of life for a while can turn to gray for some daydreaming and fantasizing. Gray also has a majestic aura that contrasts with its unassertive nature.
When used in the interiors on its own, it isolates people and makes them introverted. It gives great results when used with vibrant and warm colors.
Red represents power, vitality and love. In a way, it is the color of life. It gives an intense energy and joy of life. Active, sociable and lively people express themselves through this color. Red, the color of courage and passion, is a motivational tool for extroverts. It triggers hard work, enabling you to focus on the goal you want to reach and increase your ambition. It is not a coincidence that red, the color of fire, triggers the passion and warmth associated with fire.
Since red is an exuberant color, it is often preferred in entertainment venues. Therefore, it is ideal for use in the kitchen where there is plenty of action It should not be used in waiting rooms, hospitals and rest areas, as it evokes a feeling of impatience.
Blue is a color associated with positive emotions such as tranquility, trust, peace, hope and freedom. Other effects of blue are known as dreaminess, sensitivity and hypersensitivity. Blue provides the necessary refreshment for those who want to get away from the chaos and take a break from life. Its complementary color is orange. It has calming and emotionally restorative properties.
Blue should not be preferred in areas where there is a lot of action, as it triggers melancholy and stagnation. Since it is a cool color, it should be combined with vivid and warm colors. For example, you can get the best out of blue when you use it with the shades of orange, its complementary color. It is totally fine to use blue in the bathroom and bedroom.
Purple, which is obtained by mixing red and blue, carries the characteristics of both colors. It blends the purity, stillness and peace of blue with the self-confidence and allure of red. It is provocative, elegant and mysterious. It is considered the color of nobility in many cultures. Due to its soothing effect, it is recommended to be used during mourning periods.
You can choose purple to create a calm, elegant and artsy atmosphere. This color, which can be used in all areas of the house, is tailor-made for the bedroom and the hallway. By using it with the shades of yellow, its complementary color, or light gray, you can achieve the best harmony and benefit from the positive effects of purple.
Expressing sociability and optimism, yellow generates enthusiasm and mobility. Yellow is the color of friendly people, symbolizing courage and being open to innovations. Those looking for a trigger to take action can benefit from the energy of this bright color. Resembling the clear lights of the sun, yellow also inspires those who are in search of creativity. Excessive use of yellow can cause confusion and depression.
You can achieve harmony by using the warm yellow with its complementary color purple. Using it in the living room or bedroom can cause eye fatigue. Therefore, it is better to use it in areas where you do not spend much time, such as the entrance or bathroom. Yellow should also be used with purple in children's and teen rooms, studies and bedrooms.
Orange, which is obtained by mixing yellow and red, carries the characteristics of both colors. The charm that comes from red reflects feelings of motivation, ambition and extroversion. It also contains the sincerity of yellow. Sociable and warm-blooded people like this color very much. Orange is associated with youth and energy.
Try not to use this color in resting and working areas as it fuels enthusiasm and action. When you combine orange with dark shades of blue, its complementary color, you can create wonders in the living room or kitchen. .
This color, which symbolizes spring, new beginnings and hope, is the color of determined, patient and self-confident people. The color of intimacy, sensitivity and stability, green relaxes and illuminates the mind. Green reminds you of the awakening of nature with the coming of springtime. This will make you excited and full of life, invigorating your spirit. Green, which manages to balance this energy in the best way, is the color required for a consistent and logic-oriented life.
The calm and hopeful green is commonly used in hospitals and nursing homes. You can use green in the entrance, bathroom and kitchen. Green is known to be ideal for workspaces. Try to balance green with vivid and warm colors as it alone leads to complacency.